Dyslexia is a neurological condition that affects a person’s ability to read, write, and spell effectively. While it is often diagnosed in children, it can also affect teenagers and adults. In these cases, the signs and symptoms may be more difficult to recognize because they are not as noticeable as in younger children.
Reading can be a challenge. Some of the types of problems that Dyslexics may experience include hesitant and labored reading, especially when reading out loud, omitting or adding extra words, reading at a reasonable rate but with a low level of comprehension, failure to recognize familiar words, missing a line or reading the same line twice, and losing their place or using a finger or marker to keep track of their place.
Written work can also be a struggle. Dyslexics may have a poor standard of written work compared to their oral ability, poor handwriting with badly formed letters, or good handwriting but extremely slow production of work. Their written work may also be badly set out with spellings crossed out multiple times, and they may spell the same word differently within one piece of work. Difficulty with punctuation and grammar, confusion of upper and lower case letters, difficulty taking notes in lessons, and difficulty organizing work and maintaining a personal timetable are also common.
Math can present challenges as well. Dyslexics may have difficulty remembering tables and formulae, struggle with sequencing, confuse signs such as + and x, rely on a calculator to remember basic facts, misread questions that include words, confuse directions such as left and right, and find mental arithmetic at speed very difficult. With the right support and accommodations, however, these challenges can be overcome.
If you or someone you know is experiencing these symptoms, it is important to seek help and support. Dyslexia is a chronic condition that can impact a person’s daily life and self-esteem, but with the right resources and support, it is possible to overcome the challenges associated with it. Don’t hesitate to reach out and access the support that is available. With the right resources and support, people with dyslexia can succeed in school and beyond.