Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects about 5% of children and adolescents, and about 2.5% of adults. It is characterized by difficulty with attention and impulse control, and can cause problems with learning, social interactions, and daily functioning.
There are three main types of ADHD: inattentive type, hyperactive-impulsive type, and combined type. The inattentive type is characterized by difficulty with attention and organization, while the hyperactive-impulsive type is characterized by excessive movement and difficulty controlling impulses. The combined type involves both inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity.
Symptoms of ADHD may include:
- Difficulty paying attention or staying focused
- Difficulty following instructions or completing tasks
- Impulsivity or difficulty waiting one’s turn
- Excessive movement or difficulty sitting still
- Difficulty with organization and planning
It’s important to note that these symptoms can occur in all children at times, and do not necessarily indicate the presence of ADHD. A diagnosis of ADHD is typically made by a healthcare professional, such as a doctor or psychologist, after a thorough evaluation.
Treatment for ADHD may include medications, such as stimulants, as well as behavioral therapy and educational interventions. These treatments can help individuals with ADHD manage their symptoms and improve their functioning in school and other areas of life.
If you are concerned about your child’s attention and behavior, it’s important to speak with a healthcare professional for a proper evaluation. Early intervention can be crucial in helping individuals with ADHD succeed in school and other areas of life.